美国5个州免销售税

日期:2018年10月18日   阅读:
【New Hampshire
Known for its motto, "Live Free or Die," New Hampshire has a wide libertarian streak and is proud of it. The state has no general sales tax or income tax, instead relying on the third-highest property taxes in the nation to fill its coffers. Still, Granite State residents rank No. 44 based on percentage of income paid to the state. The vast majority of that goes through property taxes.

【Delaware
Perhaps more than any other state on the list, Delaware relies on its lack of sales tax to draw shoppers from bordering states. Delaware's income tax is the 17th-highest in the country, and residents pay an average of $737 in property taxes, putting Delaware at No. 15 based on state and local tax burden. The state is also heavily reliant on corporate taxes from out-of-state companies that are registered in Delaware due to its business-friendly environment; these contribute 40% of the state's tax base.

【Montana
Over half of Montana's tax receipts come from income taxes and severance taxes -- that is, the money corporations pay for extracting natural resources. Montana ranks No. 38 out of the 50 states based on its average state and local tax burden of $3,137, or 8.6% of income.

【Alaska
Like Montana, Alaska is a major beneficiary of the oil and gas industry. Alaska and New Hampshire are the only two states in the country with neither a sales tax nor an income tax, and Alaska is also known for its libertarian attitude. With a 7% tax burden, the state is ranked the second-lowest in the country; petroleum revenue, investment income, and federal dollars make up nearly the entire state budget.  

【Oregon

Last on the list is Oregon, by far the most populous of these five states. Unlike most of the states on the list, Oregon has a high overall tax burden, ranking No. 16 in the U.S. with a payout rate 10.1%. Its top income tax rate of 9.9% is the third-highest in the country. The decision to forego a sales tax in Oregon seems a matter of structure, rather than lack of need for revenue. Oregon relies more on income taxes than any other state, and given the high unemployment of recent years, the state has faced deficits. Votes have rejected a sales tax nine previous times, but state politicians are hoping to reform the tax system.

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